Scrum vs. Waterfall: Which Methodology is Right for Your Team?

When it comes to software development, choosing the right project management methodology is critical to the success of the project. Two popular methodologies are Scrum vs Waterfall, each with its own unique set of advantages and disadvantages. Waterfall is a traditional, linear approach to project management, where each phase of the project must be completed before moving on to the next. 

Scrum, on the other hand, is an agile methodology that emphasizes flexibility and collaboration throughout the project. Both approaches have their strengths and weaknesses, and selecting the right one for your team depends on your project’s specific requirements, team size, and level of complexity. In this article of universal agile, we will compare Scrum vs. Waterfall methodologies and provide insights to help you make an informed decision on which approach to choose for your project.

Comparing scrum vs waterfall methodologies

Scrum vs Waterfall are two very different methodologies, each with its own unique set of advantages and disadvantages. Let’s compare them:

Approach to Project Management

Waterfall follows a sequential approach to project management, where each phase of the project must be completed before moving on to the next. In contrast, Scrum uses an iterative approach, where the project is divided into sprints or iterations, and each iteration is planned, executed, and reviewed before moving on to the next one.


Waterfall is a rigid methodology and requires a comprehensive plan before starting the project. Any changes made to the project plan require a significant amount of time and resources, making it challenging to respond to changes in project requirements. Scrum, on the other hand, is highly flexible, and changes can be made easily during sprint review meetings.

Team Collaboration

Scrum emphasizes team collaboration and cross-functional teams. The Scrum framework encourages daily stand-up meetings, sprint review meetings, and sprint retrospective meetings to promote communication and collaboration between team members. In contrast, Waterfall does not emphasize team collaboration as much and requires the project manager to oversee all aspects of the project.

Time and Cost Management

Waterfall is better suited for projects with well-defined requirements and fixed deadlines. The methodology is highly effective in managing time and cost constraints. In contrast, Scrum is more effective when requirements are likely to change, and flexibility is required in terms of time and cost management.

Risk Management

The waterfall is more effective in managing risks since all risks are identified, analyzed, and managed in the planning phase. In contrast, Scrum focuses on managing risks during each sprint or iteration, making it less effective in managing overall project risks.

Scrum vs. Waterfall: Which methodology is right for your team in software development?

Choosing the right methodology for software development projects can be challenging. The decision to choose between Scrum vs Waterfall methodology should be based on several factors, such as project requirements, team size, level of complexity, and development approach.

If your project has well-defined requirements, fixed timelines, and a stable scope, the Waterfall methodology might be the right choice for your team. Waterfall is a linear approach to project management that follows a step-by-step process, and the team knows what they need to do from the start to the end. It is best suited for small teams that have a defined hierarchy, and all team members know their roles and responsibilities.

On the other hand, if your project requirements are uncertain or subject to change, the Scrum methodology is the better choice. Scrum is an iterative approach that emphasizes flexibility and collaboration between team members. It involves working in short cycles, called sprints, and continuous feedback to ensure that the project stays on track. Scrum methodology is best suited for large teams with cross-functional roles, and the team members work together to achieve the project goals.

Benefits of using scrum and waterfall together

Scrum and Waterfall are two distinct methodologies, and while they have different approaches, they can be complementary in some situations. By combining elements of both methodologies, teams can benefit from the strengths of each approach.

Some of the benefits of using Scrum and Waterfall together include:

Better risk management

By using the Waterfall methodology to plan and identify risks upfront, and then using Scrum to address and mitigate those risks through sprints, teams can better manage risks throughout the project lifecycle.

Clear requirements

Waterfall methodology ensures that all requirements are well-defined and documented, which can help Scrum teams work more efficiently and effectively in subsequent sprints.

Improved collaboration

Waterfall methodology provides a clear structure for project management, while Scrum emphasizes cross-functional team collaboration. By combining the two methodologies, teams can benefit from a structured approach while still maintaining flexibility and collaboration.

Faster time-to-market

By using Scrum to deliver working features or products early in the development process, and then using Waterfall to finalize and release the product, teams can reduce time-to-market and increase customer satisfaction.

Better project control

By using Waterfall to establish clear milestones and deliverables, and then using Scrum to monitor progress and adjust the project plan as needed, teams can maintain control over the project and ensure that it stays on track.


Scrum and Waterfall methodologies each offer unique benefits for software development projects. Scrum is highly flexible, collaborative, and adaptive, while Waterfall provides a structured, sequential approach with clear milestones and documentation.

The right methodology to choose depends on the specific needs of the project. Includes a level of complexity, team size development approach, and timeline. It’s essential to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of each methodology. Choose one that aligns with the project goals.

In some cases, combining Scrum and Waterfall can provide even more significant benefits. This includes better risk management, clearer requirements, improved collaboration, faster time-to-market, and better project control.

Ultimately, the decision on which methodology or combination of methodologies to use should be carefully considered. Teams should be willing to adapt their approach based on changing project needs to ensure project success.


Q1 Can Scrum or Waterfall be used for any type of software development project? 

Ans: Both methodologies have their strengths and weaknesses. So it’s important to choose the one that aligns with the specific needs of the project. However, Scrum tends to be better suited for projects with a high level of uncertainty or complexity. Meanwhile, Waterfall works well for projects with a stable scope and timeline.

Q2 Can Scrum or Waterfall be used for non-software development projects? 

Ans: While Scrum and Waterfall are commonly used in software development. They can also be applied to other types of projects that require a structured approach. However, the terminology and processes may need to be adapted to fit the project’s specific needs.

Q3 Is it possible to switch from Scrum to Waterfall or vice versa mid-project? 

Ans: While it is possible to switch methodologies mid-project, it can be challenging and disruptive for the team. It’s important to carefully evaluate the reasons for the switch. Communicate clearly with all stakeholders to ensure a smooth transition.

Q4 Can Scrum and Waterfall be used concurrently on different aspects of the same project? 

Ans: Yes, in some cases it may be beneficial to use Scrum. Waterfall concurrently on different aspects of the project. Scrum could be used for the development of a new feature. While Waterfall could be used for the implementation of a new system.

Q5 How do Scrum and Waterfall methodologies impact project management? 

Ans: Scrum and Waterfall methodologies have different approaches to project management. Scrum focuses on collaboration and adaptability and Waterfall emphasizing planning and documentation. The choice of methodology can impact the role of the project manager and the overall project management approach.

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